Republic of Senegal

  • Capital city : Dakar
  • Independance Day: juin 20, 1960
  • Date of joining OUA or AU:

Senegal is located at the westernmost point of the African continent in the Atlantic Ocean, at the confluence of Europe, Africa and the Americas, and at a crossroads of major sea and air routes.


Covering an area of 196,722 km2, it is bordered to the north by Mauritania, to the east by Mali, to the south by Guinea and Guinea Bissau, to the west by Gambia, and by the Atlantic Ocean. on a frontage of 500 km. Dakar (550 km2), the capital, is a peninsula located in the far west.

Relief, hydrography

Flat country with sandy soils not exceeding 130 m in altitude except on the south-eastern border towards Guinea. Three rivers cross the country from east to west: Senegal (1,700 km) in the north, Gambia (750 km) and Casamance (300 km) in the south

Climate, vegetation

Dry tropical climate characterized by two seasons: a dry season from November to June and a rainy season from July to October. Three types of vegetation: forest in the south, savannah in the center and steppe in the north.

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